Deterministic Turing machine
The set of rules prescribes one action to be performed for any given situation.
A deterministic Turing machine (DTM) has a transition function that, for a given state and symbol under the tape head, specifies three things:
- the symbol to be written to the tape,
- the direction (left, right or neither) in which the head should move, and
- the subsequent state of the finite control.
For example: An X on the tape in state 3 might make the DTM write a Y on the tape, move the head one position to the right, and switch to state 5.
Non-deterministic Turing machine
May have a set of rules that prescribes more than one action for a given situation.
A non-deterministic Turing machine (NTM) differs in that the state and tape symbol no longer uniquely specify these things; rather, many different actions may apply for the same combination of state and symbol.
For example: An X on the tape in state 3 might now allow the NTM to write a Y, move right, and switch to state 5, or to write an X, move left, and stay in state 3.